为中小学教师减负增能 办好人民满意的教育

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為中小學教師減負增能 辦好人民滿意的教育
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  • 2019-12-17
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 近日,中共中央辦公廳、國務院辦公廳印發(以下簡稱《意見》)。《意見》深入貫徹落實習近平總書記關于減輕中小學教師負擔的重要指示精神,針對性地回答了目前減輕中小學教師負擔、加強教師統籌管理中的機制性問題,是減輕中小學教師不合理工作負擔的路線表和施工圖,對于各級黨委和政府落實為基層減負精神,創設良好教育教學氛圍,弘揚全社會尊師重教風尚,推進教育事業公平而有質量發展具有十分重要的意義。

辦好人民滿意的教育

目標在學生,關鍵是教師

彩民交流论坛JIANSHEJIAOYUQIANGGUOSHIZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEJICHUGONGCHENG。ZONGGUANJIAOYUFAZHANLICHENG,WOMENDANGSHIZHONGQIANGDIAOJIAOYUDERENMINXING。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUTEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,WOGUOJIAOYUSHIYEZHISUOYIQUDERUCIJUDADECHENGJIU,CONGGENBENSHANGSHUOSHIYINWEIWOMENDANGSHIZHONGJIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINFAZHANJIAOYU。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU,JIANCHIJIAOYUWEIRENMINFUWU、WEIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHIGUOLIZHENGFUWU、WEIGONGGUHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUFUWU、WEIGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEFUWU,ZHEYIZHONGYAOLUNSHUXIANMINGBIAODALEWOGUOJIAOYUDERENMINLICHANG——WOMENDEJIAOYUSHIWEIRENMINFUWUDE,BIXUBANHAORENMINMANYIDEJIAOYU,BIXUXITONGHUIDAHEJIEJUE“PEIYANGSHENMEREN、ZENYANGPEIYANGREN、WEISHUIPEIYANGREN”ZHEYIGENBENWENTI。DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOTICHU,WOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGZHUANHUAWEIRENMINRIYIZENGCHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENDEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN。RENMINMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOJIUBAOKUODUIGENGHAOJIAOYUDEQIPAN。DANGQIAN,WOGUOZHENGCHUZAISHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAODELISHIJIAOHUIDIAN,YAOJIEJUEJIAOYUFAZHANRENGRANCUNZAIDEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENWENTI,BANHAORENMINMANYIDEJIAOYU,JIUYAOTUIJINJIAOYUGONGPING,NULIRANGMEIGEHAIZIDOUNENGXIANGYOUGONGPINGERYOUZHILIANGDEJIAOYU。YIFANGMIAN,YAOTUIDONGCHENGXIANGYIWUJIAOYUYITIHUAFAZHAN,GAODUZHONGSHINONGCUNYIWUJIAOYU,SHICHENGXIANGGONGXIANGYOUZHIERGONGPINGDEJIAOYU,QICHUFADIANHEGUISUSHIXUESHENG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIEJUEJIAOYUZHILIANGWENTI,GUANJIANSHIJIAOSHI。BANXUEYOUGUILV,XUEXIAOYOUZHUYE,YAOJIANSHAOBUBIYAODEJIANCHAPINGBI,BUNENGDONGZHERANGXUEXIAOTINGKECHURENCHUCHANGDIBANHUODONG,GENGBUNENGBAZHAOSHANG、CHAIQIANDENG“TANPAI”GEIXUEXIAO,BINGXIANGJIAOSHIXIADAZHILINGXINGRENWU。JINNIAN7YUE,ZAIQUANDANGKAIZHAN“BUWANGCHUXIN、LAOJISHIMING”ZHUTIJIAOYUZHONG,ZHONGYANGJIWEIJIANGWEIZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIJIANFUZUOWEIZHUANXIANGZHENGZHIMOSHIQUNZHONGLIYIWENTIDEZHONGDIANNEIRONGZHIYI,YAOQIUQIESHIJIANQINGJIAOSHISHENSHANGYUJIAOYUJIAOXUEWUGUANDEBUHELIGONGZUOFUDAN,SHIJIAOYUFANPUGUIZHEN、HUIGUIBENYUAN。

為中小學教師減負

目標是增能,關鍵是制度

DANGHEGUOJIASHIZHONGJIANCHIBAJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEZUOWEIJICHUGONGZUOLAIZHUA,ZAIGAIGEJIAOSHIGUANLITIZHIJIZHI、YOUHUAJIAOYUJIAOXUEHUANJINGDENGFANGMIANCAIQULEYIXILIEZHENGCEJUCUO,QUDELEXIANZHUCHENGXIAO。DANTONGSHIYEYAOKANDAO,MUQIANYIXIEDIFANGZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIGONGZUOBUHELIFUDANJIAOZHONG,GELEIDUCHA、JIANCHA、PINGBI、KAOHEGONGZUOMINGMUFANDUO、PINLVGUOGAO,GEZHONGDIAOYAN、TONGJI、XINXICAIJIDENGHUODONGDUOTOUZHONGFU、RUXIAOSUIYI,JICENGXUEXIAOHEJIAOSHITIANBIAOBAOGAOYINGJIEBUXIA。HUANYOUYIXIEDIFANGHEBUMENSUIYICHOUDIAOJIAOSHI,GANRAOLEZHENGCHANGJIAOYUJIAOXUEZHIXU,YINGXIANGLEZHENGCHANGJIAOYUJIAOXUEHUODONG。ZHEQIZHONG,JIYOUBIYAODEFEIJIAOXUERENWUBIXUYOUJIAOSHIWANCHENG,YECUNZAIBUFENFEIBIYAODEJIAOXUERENWUGEIJIAOSHIZENGTIANLE“EWAIFUDAN”。JIUQIYUANYIN,YISHIYIXIESHANGJIBUMENBUSHUHEJIANCHAGONGZUOQUEFATONGCHOUGUANLI。YOUYUJIAOYUBUMENSHIGEJIZHENGFUZHUDUOGONGZUO(HUODONG)LINGDAOXIAOZUDECHENGYUANDANWEI,QIANTOUBUMENJINGCHANGJIANGYOUGUANGONGZUOZHIJIEPAIGEIXUEXIAO。YOUQIYUYOUXUYAOJIAODACANYUMIANDEGONGZUOSHI,JINGCHANGYAOQIUXUEXIAOCHURENCHUCHANGDI,YOUSHIXUYAOTINGKECANJIA。ZAIMUQIANGUANLITIZHIXIA,XUEXIAOSHANGWUBANFAJUJUESHANGJIBUMENXIAPAIDEGONGZUORENWU。ERSHIYIXIEJINXIAOYUANHUODONGBUZUNZHONGJIAOYUJIAOXUEGUILV。XIANGGUANBUMENKAIZHANDEHUODONGYOUQIBIYAOXINGHEHELIXING,DANZAISHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUXIEHUODONGWEINENGKAOLVDAOXUESHENGCUNZAIDESHENXINFAZHANSHUIPINGCHAYI,ERSHIYIDAOQIEKAIZHAN。YOUXIEHUODONGZHUIQIUZUOBIAOMIANWENZHANG,CUNZAIZHUXINGSHIZHUYIWENTI。BIRU,YOUXIEXUANCHUANJIAOYUHUODONGNEIRONGYIJINGLIERUZHONGXIAOXUEKECHENGJIAOXUEDAGANG,DANHUANYAOQIUEWAIZHANYONGKESHIKAIZHANXIANGGUANGONGZUO,GEIJIAOSHIDAILAIBUSHAOEWAIFUDAN。SANSHIFEIJIAOYUJIAOXUEGONGZUORENWUYUDUIJIAOSHIDEKAOHEPINGJIAGUAGOUGUOJIN。JIHUSUOYOURENWUDOUYUJIAOSHIDEQIESHENLIYIZHIJIEXIANGGUAN,YOUDEXUEXIAOYIRENWEIDABIAOYINGXIANGQUANXIAOJIXIAOKAOHE。JIANCHAGONGZUOZHUZHONGLIUHENGUANLI,JIADALEJIAOSHIDEGONGZUOFUDAN,SHENZHICHUXIANZAOJIAXIANXIANG。

彩民交流论坛JIAOSHIFUDANGUOZHONGWENTILVJIANBAODUAN,BIAOMIANSHANGTIXIANWEIGUANGDAJIAOSHICHENGDANLEYUJIAOYUJIAOXUEKEYANBUXIANGGANDESHIWU,PIYUYINGFU、MANGYUSUOSHI,DANCONGGENBENSHANGFANYINGLEDANGQIANZAIZUNZHONGJIAOSHIZHUANYEFAZHANGUILV、LISHUNXIANDAIXUEXIAOHEJIAOSHIGUANLITIZHIJIZHIFANGMIANCUNZAIDEZHIDUXINGWENTI。《YIJIAN》GUANCHELUOSHIDANGDESHIJIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUIGUANYUJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、TUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEJINGSHEN,KEXUEJIEHEXIANDAIJIAOYUGUANLITEDIAN,CONGZHIDUCENGMIANJIAQIANGJIAOYUZHILITIXIDINGCENGSHEJI,MINGQUETICHUTONGCHOUGUIFANGELEIDUCHAJIANCHAPINGBIKAOHE、SHEHUISHIWUJINXIAOYUAN、CHOUDIAOJIEYONGJIAOSHIDENGGONGZUODEZHIDULIUCHENGHEGUANLIBANFA,HENZHUAJINGJIANGELEIBAOBIAOTIANBAODIAOYANTONGJIGONGZUO,QIESHIQINGLIGUIFANYINGXIANGZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOYUJIAOXUEHUODONGDEGEXIANGGONGZUO,JINYIBUYINGZAOKUANSONG、NINGJINGDEXIAOYUANFENWEIHEJIAOYUJIAOXUEHUANJING,QUEBAOZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIQIANXINJIAOSHU、JINGXINYUREN。ZHUIBENSUYUAN,JIAOSHIJIANFUDEMUBIAO,BUJINJINSHIRANGJIAOSHICONGZHEXIEFANZHONGDESHIWUZHONGJIEFANGCHULAI,GENGZHONGYAODESHI,RANGJIAOSHIJIANGYOUXIANDESHIJIANHEJINGLITOURUDAOGENGJIAZHONGYAODEJIAOSHUYURENZHONG;BUJINJINSHIYAOQUDIAOJIAOSHIBUHELIDEFUDAN,GENGZHONGYAODESHIYAOJIFAJIAOSHIDEZHUANYEFAZHANDONGNENG、JILIJIAOSHIGENGJIAWANGSHENGDEJIAOYUJIAOXUEREQING,WEIXINSHIDAIGAOSUZHIJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHETIGONGYOUZHIDEZHIYESHENGTAIHELIANGHAODEZHUANYEHUANJING。

落實落細《意見》

目標是減負,關鍵是執行

彩民交流论坛《YIJIAN》MINGQUEZHUTIZEREN。ZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIMIANLINDEEWAIDEGONGZUOFUDANLAIZIFANGFANGMIANMIAN,JILAIZIJIAOYUNEIBU,YELAIZIJIAOYUWAIBU,BIXULIQINGZEREN。DIFANGDANGWEIHEZHENGFUSHIZERENZHUTI,JIEHEDIFANGSHIJI,ZHUAZHUJIEJUEJIAOSHIJIANFUWENTIDE“NIUBIZI”,LIECHUJIANFUQINGDAN;DANGWEIJIAOYUGONGZUOLINGDAOXIAOZUYAOJIAQIANGTONGCHOUXIEDIAO、DUCULUOSHI;JIAOYUBUMENYAOFUZEJUTISHISHI。

《YIJIAN》YAOQIUGESIQIZHI。JIAOYUBUYAOBAZHENGCE,JIANLIJIANQUANXIANGGUANFAGUI,CANYUXIUDINGJIAOYUFA、JIAOSHIFA,WEIJIAOSHIJIANFUTIGONGFAGUIYIJU。DIFANGZHENGFUYAODIAOZIYUAN,YOUYIXIELEIXINGDEJIAOSHIJIANFU,XUYAODIFANGDANGWEIHEZHENGFUDALIXIEDIAO,GEIYUXIANGYINGDEZHENGCEZIYUANZHICHI,CAIKEYISHUNLISHISHI。DIFANGJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOYANGUANKONG,BAHAORUKOUGUAN,GUANKONGGELEICHUANDIDAOXUEXIAODEYALIHEFUDAN,DUIGELEIJINXIAOYUANHUODONGYIFAYIGUIJINXINGGUIKOUGUANLI。XUEXIAOYAOZHUAZHIXING,ANZHAO《YIJIAN》HESHANGJIYAOQIU,JIAQIANGXUEXIAOXINGZHENGGUANLI,DUIGONGZUOHEHUODONGJINXINGTONGCHOUGUOLV,ZHENGQUXUESHENGJIACHANGDEJIJIPEIHE,FAHUIZHENGMIANXUANCHUANZUOYONG,ZHUAHAOJIAOSHIJIANFU“ZUIHOUYIGONGLI”。

《意見》需要大力宣傳。加強新聞宣傳,正確引導輿論,做好文件宣傳解讀工作,通過官方網站、微博微信客戶端等渠道,及時推送關于教師減負及政策解讀文章,引導社會各界關注關心教師減負工作,正確理解教師負擔的內涵和目標,凝聚全社會對中小學教師減負工作的共識,為教師減負營造良好社會氛圍。(教育部黨組成員、副部長 孫堯)

來源:中國政府網     編輯:楊敬